Fri. Feb 26th, 2021
DNA chains will be used to store huge data in future in living bacteria
  • It already contains coded messages

  • Experiments on E coli bacteria already done

  • Stored data will be more safe for many generations

Rashtriya Khabar

Ranchi: DNA chains contain billions of trillions of messages that indicate the

history and future of life. For example, when we analyze genetic links of a

person, it is found that he has acquired something in his DNA from his

ancestors. At the same time, his in-depth analysis also reveals the merits and

demerits of its internal structure. With the help of this DNA link, work is on to

improve many types of genetic diseases. In this sequence, scientists are now

doing research on preserving data of common use in living bacteria by this

method. Scientists believe that when there are so many codes encoded in the

DNA chains of a life, they can certainly play a major role in securing other

messages. It is being worked out. The work of storing this data in the living

bacteria prepared in the laboratory is in progress. In the world of information

technology, it is considered a very useful research. Generally speaking of

computers, due to the changes in the constantly changing technologies, data-

keeping equipment are changing. The floppy drives used to hold data in the

computers of the first era are now history due to the change in information

technology. New tools are being invented to keep data in every round.

Currently, pen drives and portable hard disks are popular examples. Now

researchers believe that if such data is preserved in a living bacteria, then it

will be safe and classically available for a long time.

DNA Chains will carry it to next generation 

As the cycle of life progresses, this bacterium will also continue to carry these

figures along with it, which can be retrieved at any time according to need. It is

estimated that with the addition of Bacteria, these figures will also reach these

figures automatically on their own. Soy Shipman, a bio engineer at the

University of California at Gladstone Institute and San Francisco, says it could

look like a business project in the future.

Supporters argue that the density of any DNA chain is one thousand times

greater than any existing hard disk. Therefore it can preserve more data.

Suppose for example, ten cinema can be stored in DNA equal to one particle of

salt. It can be understood that the work of reducing the size of devices in data

retention will also be completed. Also, writing and retracting the data kept in it

will prove to be much cheaper and time saving. The use of technology for this

will also make the data more space consuming.

Research for this in the initial stage is promising

We know that currently computer data is actually on the lines of zero and one.

The corresponding zero and one data can be stored on adenine, guanine,

crytosine and Thaiman of any living cell. Due to their design of DNA chain,

they will be able to store more data in less space. When this data is written to a

bacteria, it will naturally provide this data to the next generation. In 2017,

Columbia University zoologist Harris Wang worked on it using CRISPR gene

editing method. When research was done on this, it was revealed that E.coli

bacteria conserve fructose on the lines of zero and one. This part can be used

to hold data. Harris Wang, with the help of his colleagues, was able to put the

message of Hello Word in an E coli bacteria with just 72 beats. With this

technique, it will be possible to retrieve the data inside the bacterium with the

same method as it is written. Just because of the DNA chain, the space for

preserving data will be greatly reduced and being alive it will not require

additional energy in its operation.

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