It is prepared from graphite disc only
Created an atmosphere to make diamond
Research is going on to make it more sustainable
Artificially crafted diamond is not presently permanent
Ranchi: Diamond prepared in laboratory is stronger than real diamond. The real
diamond is definitely very strong. It is considered the purest form of carbon.
Because of its strength, it is also used in many scientific works. Because of its
hardness, diamond is also used in cutting glass, but the diamond used in it is
artificial diamond. For the first time, scientists have succeeded in strengthening
the artificial diamonds prepared in the laboratory more than the real diamond.
Scientists used sound signals and laser beams to investigate this. Through this, the
process of breaking down the most rigid form of carbon was investigated. In this
experiment, it was found that in a special way, the diamond prepared in the
laboratory has become harder than the diamonds obtained from the real mine.
After the successful use of this experiment, it is also believed that fake diamonds
prepared by artificial methods will also be surpassing the real diamonds in the
case of jewelry. Due to this, diamonds made of diamonds will probably start
becoming cheaper. This is believed to be because the cost of extracting the
diamond from the mines is very high and while the diamond prepared in the
laboratory can be produced at a relatively low cost. When its commercial
production starts, it will obviously reduce its cost. Hardness of natural and ad
diamonds has never been investigated in this manner before.
Diamond prepared naturally inside earth in long time
prepared in the laboratory is going to come out as an alternative to precious
diamond studded jewelry. Now know that a special method has been tried to
prepare a hexagonal diamond. Putting a disc of any graphite and hitting it at a
speed of 24 thousand kilometers per hour, the pressure it creates on that graphite
is the real method of making diamonds. Success had already been made in
preparing the diamond by this method. Diamond is made naturally by this method
even at the depth of the ground. Due to excessive pressure in the depth of the
earth, the carbon pieces slowly harden and become diamonds in extreme
temperature conditions. It has been observed that whenever a volcano erupts
within the sea, even small pieces of diamond come out with it. During the
volcanic eruptions on the ground, they are destroyed by burning due to extreme
temperatures. These diamonds, prepared in an artificial way, are also called as
lonsdaleite diamond. In the scientific definition. Its specialty is that all the carbon
molecules in it get decorated in a hexagonal position. In the laboratory, in the
event of extreme heat and pressure, the piece of graphite shrinks first. Later the
same is transformed into a luminous diamond. By the way, scientists have also
clarified that as the hexagonal diamonds are prepared in the laboratory, the
diamonds are also sometimes inside the ground.
The molecular structure of this artificial diamond is hexagonal
diamond, scientists have also been successful in changing its shape. Generally, a
diamond is so rigid that it does not change its shape. Only during its use in
jewelry is it cut and made to the required shape. Yogendra Gupta, director of
Washington State University, says that diamond is a wonderful substance in itself.
Not only is it the strongest, but it is also the most beautiful to look at.
Scientifically speaking, its optical position and thermal conductivity are also
strange. Now hexagonal diamonds prepared in laboratory are also harder and
stronger than natural diamonds. Be aware that typically cubic diamonds are found
deep within 90 miles of the ground. There are both temperatures and pressures of
diamond formation. Due to the temperature exceeding fifteen degrees Celsius and
the pressure too high, any carbon gets hardened and turns into the purest form. In
the laboratory, when a graphite disc is continuously pressurized and excessive
heat is produced with the help of gunpowder, it turns into a diamond under the
pressure of fast moving wind. But also know that these fake diamonds prepared in
the laboratory have not been able to survive in the natural environment for a long
time. Therefore, scientists are now working on developing a method to keep such
diamonds intact even in the natural environment. After this method is successful,
their commercial production will surely become a new business.